> The route
In fact there are three routes that all three are called Trans Siberia Express. But there is a difference.
We chose to travel by Trans Mongolia Express, because we really wanted to see parts of Russia, but we definately wanted to visit Mongolia as well. We booked the trip at Tiara Tours and were satisfied with what we got: good service and a wonderful trip! This is the route we did by train (a total of 6 days in the train if you don't make any stops somewhere):
But lucky for us we planned a few stops. We were 4 days in Moscow, 2 days in Suzdal, more than a week in Mongolia and a week in Beijing as well.
To prepare for the trip we collected all different types of information. We wanted to know more about life in the train, but of course also about the three countries we were looking forward to visit: Russia, Mongolia and China. This is how we got our info:
When you ask any of the consultants for their oppinion about recommended vaccinations for this trip you'll never get the same answer. We went to our doctor for advise and to the chemist, but we also checked the website of lcr (Dutch CDC). After some discussions we decided to get the Hepatitus A- and DTP- (tetanus-diphtheria and measles) vaccinations, about 3 months before the start of the trip.
For all three of the countries you can visit by Trans Mongolia Express a visa is necessary. Most of the time the visa can be arranged by the travel agency where you book your trip. Of course you can also arrange them yourself, but make sure you do it on time, as it takes a while before you can collect your Russian visa. Tiaratours arranged our own visa.
These are the costs of the visa:
These are the costs if you arrange them yourself, when you ask the travel agency to help they will ask for a fee as well.
On this journey we carried our luggage in a trolley and a backpack, what turned-out to be a good combination: the trolley was very useful on the railway stations and it fitted exactly into the luggage space under the seats. The dimensions of your suitcase can't be more than 70Lx40Wx30H, otherwise it won't fit into the storage in the train. During our excursions to Terelj and Kharkorin in Mongolia, we left our suitcase in the luggageroom of the hotel in Ulan Bator and only brought the backback. We did not see ourselves carrying a suitcase through the steppes.
The following things were on our packinglist:
You don't need to bring creditcards or travelerscheques. We brought about 300 Dollars and 100 Euros and our cash card. Eventually we didn't use the Euros at all and we only needed the Dollars in Mongolia (and 50 dollar is a lot of money there). In Moscow and in Beijing there were plenty ATM's where we could get some money in the local currency.
In the train you can use Russian Rubels untill the Mongolian border. We had some Rubels left when we reached the border, but of course there were more Mongolians trying to make some money out of changing our last Rubels into Tugrük. They gave us a good rate of exchange, but it still was possible to negotiate. At the Chinese border there is no possibility to change money, so make sure you spent everything. For the entire journey in the train we used about € 100,- for 2 persons for food. A few times we ate in the restaurant on board, but there was plenty of food to buy on the platforms as well, and that food was really cheap. But the place where we became even more happy was Beijing: cd's only cost € 1,50 and t-shirts from € 1,- to € 5,-, just to name some things.
During the entire trip we didn't feel unsafe once, not even in the big cities or on the platforms. In Moscow and Beijing there were plenty of people in uniform watching everything, but everything was quiet all the time. We didn't go out much after it got dark, so we don't know what happens then, but during the day everything was fine. There were a few books that wrote about pickpockets on the station in Ulaanbaator, but we just waited for the most people to get off the train and we could get off too and look for our guide safely.
> The train
Opposite of what some people say it was a great experience for us to travel second class and to share a compartment with Mongolian people. Officially there should sleep one Mongolian lady in our compartment (but that was just how it should be. The bed of this lady ended up to be a fully packed storehouse, only the last night there slept 2 instead of one lady on top of some boxes.) So we watched the selling (and hiding!) of the merchandise from very close. We feel like we really would have missed something when we'd booked a first class ticket and slept in a compartment for 2.
In the compartment is room for four persons, with two pairs of beds above each other. The upper beds are slightly shorter than the lower and are warmer during the night. The beds are attached to the wall with two chains, one on the head and one on the foot. Some people didn't like the upper beds, but I slept well on them. The luggage space under the lower beds and above the hallway (for the two upper beds) are large enough for your luggage, if you don't give away to much space to the Mongolians, like our Norwegian colleague-European Espen almost did.
During the ride from Vladimir to Ulan Bator, the train was kept perfectly clean by the Mongolian provodniks. Their Chinese collegues on the Ulan Bator-Beijing route were a little less clean, but then this journey only took one day. In every car there is a Samowar, were you can always get hot water. There are also two toilets with a little sink, where you can clean yourself or brush your teeth. Be aware: starting 15 minutes before 'till 15 minutes after a stop, the toilets are locked. This isn't a problem at the stations, but at the border it can be. You'll be standing still at the Russian-Mongolian border for 5 to 6 hours (if you're lucky). It's a little shorter at the Mongolian-Chinese bordercrossing.
> Handy books and useful websites
We used the following books and websites before our trip started:
Also, we surfed a lot on the internet searching for information. We can't show you all the addresses here, but it's a start. Enjoy surfing!
> More info
Want to know more? Check our Travel Journal and Photos about the Trans Mongolia Express.